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Posts for category: Dental Procedures

By Joel F Bookout DDS, PC
December 06, 2018
Category: Dental Procedures
Tags: dental crowns  

Damaged smile? Dental crowns can give those teeth a second chance. There are many advantages to dental crowns, which makes choosing a general dentist who offers them a great idea. Led by Dr. Joel Bookout, General & Sedation Dentistry in Chattanooga, TN, offers a full range of dental services, including crowns. Read on to learn more about how crowns can help you!

1. Restore decayed teeth

Dental decay is the destruction of tooth structure, and it is caused by poor oral hygiene, drinking sugary beverages, and snacking frequently. Dental crowns are used to restore teeth that are badly decayed. Treatment entails that dental decay be removed so that the crown may be fitted over the tooth to strengthen it and restore functionality.

2. Protect teeth from damage

A crown acts as a strong covering for a tooth that has been weakened and can protect your worn-down or weakened teeth from further damage. Dental crowns are known for great strength and durability, as their tough, natural tooth structure is able to withstand daily wear and tear.

3. Restore your broken teeth

Breaking a tooth is a common phenomenon, for although enamel is the hardest substance in your body, its strength has limits. A fall, biting down on something hard, or receiving a blow to the face are all common occurrences that can cause a tooth to break. If you have a chipped or cracked tooth, a crown can cover it and restore its appearance.

4. Fix discolored teeth

Tooth discoloration affects people of all ages. Teeth can be stained by coffee, soda, wine, tea, and other drinks and foods. Tobacco use, poor dental hygiene, and certain medications also cause tooth discoloration. Dental crowns can give you the white smile you've always wanted. Unlike real teeth, dental crowns resist dental stains remarkably well.

5. Fix badly shaped teeth

When you have bad teeth, it can make you feel embarrassed about your smile—dental crowns, however, may be the answer, as they are routinely used to fix badly shaped or crooked teeth. They are effective in covering up dental imperfections and can give patients the appearance of a perfect smile.

Interested? Give Our Chattanooga Office a Call!

If you need dental crowns, why wait? We can help you today! Call General & Sedation Dentistry at (423) 698-3607 today to schedule a dental consultation in Chattanooga, TN. Dental crowns will do you and your smile a world of good.

By Joel F Bookout DDS, PC
September 07, 2018
Category: Dental Procedures

Oral CancerHere in Chattanooga, TN, Dr. Joel Bookout can help assess and examine your oral health.

Oral cancer is responsible for killing 2.5 per 100,000 men and women per year, according to the National Cancer Institute. While this may seem like a small number, the danger of oral cancer is that it's not detected until it has reached an advanced stage.

Early detection increases survival rates. Your Chattanooga doctor conducts a fast and painless oral examination that improves individuals' survival rates, which is why you should never underestimate your bi-annual dental checkups with Dr. Joel Bookout.

Your doctor checks several areas, including:

  • Lips
  • Lining tissues of the mouth
  • Tongue

The oral cancer screening is visual and tactile, so if your doctor thinks there are any abnormalities, a small tissue sample is sent to a laboratory for testing.

Oral cancer screenings are more conclusive methods of determining the presence of oral cancer. Oral cancer doesn't just affect older individuals. It manifests, mostly, in people over the age of 40, but oral cancer patients have been getting younger over the years.

Here are some major risk factors to take into consideration:

  • Middle aged or older
  • Chronic exposure to the sun
  • Genetic factors
  • Sexually-transmitted Human Papilloma Virus
  • Moderate to heavy drinker
  • Long-time tobacco user

Detecting Oral Cancer

Your dentist's dental checkup includes:

  • Red patches
  • White patches
  • Lumps
  • Swellings
  • Sores or unusual changes that haven't gone away within 2-3 weeks
  • Unusual/abnormal sores in your mouth, lips and tongue

For more questions or concerns, call your Chattanooga, TN, dentist, Dr. Joel Bookout, today! He will evaluate your oral health and make sure you're good to go. So, when was the last time you visited your dentist for an oral cancer screening?

By Joel F Bookout DDS, PC
August 22, 2018
Category: Dental Procedures

Magician Michael Grandinetti mystifies and astonishes audiences with his sleight of hand and mastery of illusion. But when he initially steps onto the stage, it’s his smile that grabs the attention. “The first thing… that an audience notices is your smile; it’s what really connects you as a person to them,” Michael told an interviewer.

He attributes his audience-pleasing smile to several years of orthodontic treatment as a teenager to straighten misaligned teeth, plus a lifetime of good oral care. “I’m so thankful that I did it,” he said about wearing orthodontic braces. “It was so beneficial. And… looking at the path I’ve chosen, it was life-changing.”

Orthodontics — the dental subspecialty focused on treating malocclusions (literally “bad bites”) — can indeed make life-changing improvements. Properly positioned teeth are integral to the aesthetics of any smile, and a smile that’s pleasing to look at boosts confidence and self-esteem and makes a terrific first impression. Studies have even linked having an attractive smile with greater professional success.

There can also be functional benefits such as improved biting/chewing and speech, and reduced strain on jaw muscles and joints. Additionally, well-aligned teeth are easier to clean and less likely to trap food particles that can lead to decay.

The Science Behind the Magic

There are more options than ever for correcting bites, but all capitalize on the fact that teeth are suspended in individual jawbone sockets by elastic periodontal ligaments that enable them to move. Orthodontic appliances (commonly called braces or clear aligners) place light, controlled forces on teeth in a calculated fashion to move them into their new desired alignment.

The “gold standard” in orthodontic treatment remains the orthodontic band for posterior (back) teeth and the bonded bracket for front teeth. Thin, flexible wires threaded through the brackets create the light forces needed for repositioning. Traditionally the brackets have been made of metal, but for those concerned about the aesthetics, they can also be made out of a clear material. Lingual braces, which are bonded to the back of teeth instead of the front, are another less visible option. The most discrete appliance is the removable clear aligner, which consists of a progression of custom-made clear trays that reposition teeth incrementally.

How’s that for a disappearing act?!

If you would like more information about orthodontic treatment please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about the subject by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “The Magic of Orthodontics.”


Overbites, underbites, crossbites—these are just a few of the possible malocclusions (poor bites) you or a family member might be experiencing. But no matter which one, any malocclusion can cause problems.

Besides an unattractive smile, a malocclusion makes it more difficult to chew and to keep the teeth and gums clean of disease-causing bacterial plaque. Thus correcting a malocclusion improves dental health; a more attractive smile is an added bonus.

This art of correction—moving teeth back to the positions where they belong—is the focus of a dental specialty called orthodontics. And, as it has been for several decades, the workhorse for achieving this correction is traditional braces.

Braces are an assembly of metal brackets affixed to the teeth through which the orthodontist laces a metal wire. The wire is anchored in some way (commonly to the back teeth) and then tightened to apply pressure against the teeth. Over time this constant and targeted pressure gradually moves the teeth to their new desired positions.

The reason why this procedure works is because teeth can and do move naturally. Although it may seem like they’re rigidly set within the jawbone, teeth are actually held in place by an elastic tissue network known as the periodontal ligament. The ligament lies between the tooth and bone and keeps the tooth secure through tiny fibers attached to both it and the bone. But the ligament also allows teeth to continually make micro-movements in response to changes in chewing or other environmental factors.

In a sense, braces harness this tooth-moving capability like a sail captures the wind propelling a sailboat. With the constant gentle pressure from the wires regularly adjusted by the orthodontist, the periodontal ligament does the rest. If all goes according to plan, in time the teeth will move to new positions and correct the malocclusion.

In a way, braces are the original “smile makeover”—once crooked teeth can become straight and more visually appealing. More importantly, though, correcting a poor bite improves how the mouth works, especially while eating, and keeping things clean. A straighter smile isn’t just more attractive—it’s healthier.

If you would like more information on correcting misaligned teeth, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Moving Teeth with Orthodontics.”

By Joel F Bookout DDS, PC
July 19, 2018
Category: Dental Procedures
Tags: root canal  

Could pain or change in the appearance in your tooth mean you might need a root canal? The therapy can save at-risk teeth and keep your smile full and healthy. General dentist Dr. Joel Bookout helps his Chattanooga, TN, patients care for their oral health with root canals,root canal fillings, checkups, and other services.

Root canals address ominous changes that occur deep inside teeth

The center of every tooth is filled with a soft mass of nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue called pulp. Although pulp is protected by the harder dentin and enamel layers of your teeth, it can become infected or inflamed in some cases. If an inflammation or infection occurs, you'll need a root canal to prevent the loss of your tooth.

During a root canal, the pulp is removed and replaced with a rubber-based filling. The therapy also involves cleaning and shaping the root canals that extend from your roots to the top of your tooth. Your tooth will function normally despite the removal of the pulp, although you'll probably need a dental crown to protect your treated tooth.

Signs that may indicate that a root canal is in your future

Pain is one of the more obvious signs that there's something wrong with your tooth. Some people experience constant pain, while others notice that their pain seems to come and go. If you have constant or intermittent pain, it's important to schedule a visit with your Chattanooga, TN, general dentist.

If you need a root canal, you may notice that it's painful to eat or drink certain foods. The moment you place hot or cold foods or beverages in your mouth, you may experience sharp pain that can last for as long as 30 minutes. The simple act of chewing can also increase pain if you need a root canal.

The appearance of your mouth and tooth may also offer a few clues. Inflammation can spread from your tooth to your gum, causing it to become red and swollen. Your tooth may also darken if a nerve inside the pulp begins to die.

Some people need root canals if they've injured a tooth, while others require the therapy due to a dental abscess. An abscess is a bacterial infection that causes a variety of unpleasant symptoms, including facial swelling, fever, swollen lymph nodes, a bump on the gum, or pus around the tooth. Abscesses are dental emergencies that require immediate treatment to prevent the spread of the infection.

Protect your smile with root canal therapy. Call Chattanooga, TN, general dentist Dr. Joel Bookout at (423) 698-3607 if you've noticed any of these symptoms.

Contact Us

Joel F Bookout DDS, PC

(423) 698-3607
Chattanooga, TN General Dentist
Joel F Bookout DDS, PC
4141 Ringgold Road
Chattanooga, TN 37412
(423) 698-3607
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